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In 1378 March 20, Prior et Conventus ecclesiae cathedralis beatae Mariae Wygorn were granted, by Richard II, (In year 1 of his reign) a Confirmation licence to crenellate Wygorn (Worcester Cathedral Priory)
Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of the prior and convent of Worcester, of the following:
1. A charter, dated York,7 June, 9 Edward III. {Charter Roll, 9 Edward III., No. 49 } inspecting and confirming (1) A charter, dated Westminster,19 February, 6 Edward II., and (2) A charter dated Westminster, 3 February, 6 Edward II. {Charter Roll, 6 Edward III., Nos. 25 and 27}, both inspecting and confirming divers early charters, viz. of Edgar, Edward the Confessor, William the Conqueror, Henry II., John and Henry III.
2. Letters patent, dated 8 July, 29 Edward III., inspecting and confirming a charter, dated 2 April, 40 Henry III.
3. Letters patent, dated 20 February, 43 Edward III., being a licence to crenellate their priory. {Monasticon: Vol. i., p. 593}.
For 10 marks paid in the hanaper. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by For 10 marks paid in the hanaper.


The abbey paid 10 marks for the licence of 1369 and other charters to be confirmed in the first year of Richard II reign.

It appears that the great gate house of the abbey, the Edgar Tower, was finished by this time but the watergate and the riverside precinct wall may well date from 1378.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.