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In 1377 Nov 7, Abbas et Conventus Abbatiae Scoe. Werburgae [Sancte Warburgae] (Abbot Thomas Newport) were granted, by Richard II, (In year 1 of his reign) a Confirmation licence to crenellate Abbatiae Scoe. Werburgae [Sancte Warburgae] (Abbey of St Werburgh)
Inspeximus and confirmation of letters patent, dated 28 March, 51 Edward III., being a licence for the abbot and convent of St. Werburg's, Chester, to enclose and crenellate that abbey and church. For mark paid in the hanaper. (CPR)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by For half a mark paid in the hanaper.


The abbey paid half a mark for a confirmation of the licence 8 months after the original grant, after Edward's death. Internal conflicts within the Abbey community may have made this confirmation, under the new king, a useful reiteration for the abbot, despite the modest expense.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Abbot Thomas Newport, elected 1363, died 1386.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.