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In 1369 Feb 20, Prior et Conventus ecclesiae cathedralis beatae Mariae Wygorn were granted, by Edward III, (In year 43 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Wygorn (Worcester Cathedral Priory)
Licence for the prior and convent of the cathedral church St. Mary, Worcester, to crenellate their priory and the houses and buildings thereof. By p.s. (CPR)

Prior et Conventus ecclesiae cathedralis beatae Mariae Wygorn ... Prioratum suum circumquaqua ac domos at alia edificia in eodem Prioratu existentia ... Worcester, Wygorn. (Parker and Turner)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


The abbey paid 10 marks for this licence and other charters to be confirmed in the first year of Richard II reign (20 March 1378).

The VCH writes that building of the great gate, the frater and other priory buildings appears to have been stopped by the Black Death and to have restarted about the date of this licence.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.