The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1359 Oct 9, Rector et frates de Edyndon were granted, by Edward III, (In year 33 of his reign) a Royal Pardon licence to crenellate Edyndon (Edington Priory [Edington College])
Oct. 9. Sandwich. Licence, at the asking of William, bishop of Winchester, for the rector and brethren of the house of the order of St. Augustine, Edyngdon, founded by the bishop, to crenellate their manse. By p.s. (CPR)

Oct. 9. Sandwich. Pardon, at the asking of William de Edyndon, bishop of Winchester to him and the rector and brethren of the house of the order of St. Augustine, Edyndon, founded by him, for crenellating the manse of the rector and brethren without the king's licence and licence for them to retain the manor crenellated. By K. and bill of p.s. (CPR)

Rector et frates de Edyndon ... mansum ... Edyndon, Wilts. (Ad rogatum venerablilis patris Willielmi de Edyndon, episcopi Winton., perdonavimus eidem episcopo ac, &c. Rectori et fratribus domus ordinis Sancti Augustini de Edyndon per ipsum episcopum de novo fundatae transgressionem quam fecerunt, mansum eorundem Rectoris et fratrum ibidem, muro de petra et calce firmando et kernellando, licentia nostra super hoc non obenta. Et concedimus &c. mansum tenere possint.) (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Sandwich. Grant by King and bill of privy seal, at the asking of William, bishop of Winchester.


The pardon is on membrane 15 (p297-8), and a straight forward licence to crenellate, of the same date, is entered on membrane 20 (p290). This appears to be a duplication, perhaps by an over officious scribe, although it may be there was some discussion over the terminology to be used. The pardon seems to be the fuller entry

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

William Edington (d. 1366)
William Edington (d. 1366), titular bishop of Winchester was a long time royal counsellor and servant, was treasurer 1344-56 and chancellor 1356-63. He transformer the church of birthplace Edington, first as collegiate (1351), then as a house of bonshommes (a passing fashion with the king and his family which found no popularity) for a dean and twelve clerks in 1358. Building work there dates from 1352-61. The surviving church is extensive decorated with crenellations but the Rectors house may well have been built by the bishop as a suitable grand retirement home, as he was about to end his long years of royal service, although he, in fact, died at Bishop's Waltham.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.