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In 1348 March 10, Abbas et Conventus de Langedon were granted, by Edward III, (In year 22 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Langedon (Langdon Abbey)
Licence for the abbot and convent of Langedon to crenellate the gate or gate-house (domum porte) of the abbey. By p.s. (CPR)

Abbas et Conventus de Langedon ... portam sive domum portae Abbatiae suae ... Langedon. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


The previous year the abbot had been granted free warren in his demense lands. Unfortunately the abbot appears in records just as 'W.' (probably William). See also the licence for Langley Abbey (1346) where William, the Langdon abbot, had recently been, as Premonstratensian commissary, been interfering with Langley Abbey. Conflict and concerns about status between the two abbeys and abbots, both vying for royal support, may best explain these two licences.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.