The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1345 Feb 12, Willielmus de Clynton, Comes Huntyngdon (William de Clinton, earl of Huntingdon for the use of his nephew John de Clynton) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 19 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Maxstok (Maxstoke Castle)
Licence for William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, to crenellate a dwelling-place to be built in Maxstok for the use of John de Clynton, his nephew, and for the latter to hold the same so crenellated to him and his heirs. By p.s. (CPR)

Willielmus de Clynton, Comes Huntyngdon ... quoddam mansum ad opus delecti nobis Johannis de Clynton, nepotis ejusdem Comitis ... Maxstok, Warr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by privy seal.


King writes "Not apparently begun at this time. (1345)" but other authorites seem to have little problem with this being the date of the initial castle works.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

William Clinton (d. 1354)
William Clinton (d. 1354), created earl of Huntingdon in 1337, was a close friend of Edward III and actively involved in government. He had no children and his nephew John was his acknowledged heir.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.