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In 1342 Feb 25, Thomas Ughtred was granted, by Edward III, (In year 16 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Kexby juxta Staynfordbrigg (Kexby Old Hall)
Licence for Thomas Ughtred to crenellate his dwelling-places of Monketon on the Moor and Kexby by Staynfordbrigge, co. York (CPR)

Thomas Ughtred ... mansum ... Kexby juxta Staynfordbrigg, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at York. Grant by privy seal.


joint with Moor Monkton.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Thomas Ughtred (1291-1365)
Thomas Ughtred (1291-1365), soldier, with prolonged service in Scotland and France. Held extensive lands in Yorkshire.

In July 1340, as Edward III was preparing to besiege Tournai, Ughtred was attached to a secondary force, led by Robert of Artois, that attempted to take St Omer. Although the expedition was unsuccessful, Ughtred's English archers distinguished themselves in the confused fighting outside St Omer on 26 July. Having returned from France, he continued to see active service against the Scots, as during the winter of 1341–2, but he was as much concerned with his own affairs at this time. In February 1342 he obtained a licence to crenellate his manors at Kexby and Moor Monkton, Yorkshire, while a surviving carpenter's contract shows that, in the previous year, he had embarked on building work at another of his Yorkshire properties, probably Brandsby. Ughtred was summoned to parliament on 20 April 1344 and took part in Edward III's continental expeditions in 1345–7. Serving under Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (d. 1369), Ughtred was sub-marshal of the royal army that landed in Normandy in July 1346 and won the battle of Crécy on 26 August... His last campaign in France was in 1359–60, when he brought to Edward III's army a retinue of 19 men-at-arms and 20 archers. At about this time Ughtred was admitted into the Order of the Garter, and occupied the stall vacated on the death of Sir Henry Eam. (Ayton)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.