The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1340 June 9, Willielmus de Kerdeston (William de Kerdiston) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 14 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Claxton (Claxton Castle)
Licence for William de Kerdeston to crenellate his dwelling-place of Claxton, co. Norfolk. By p.s. (CPR)

Willielmus de Kerdeston ... mansum ... Claxton, Norff. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Shotley. Grant by privy seal.


Licensed in 1340 and 1377.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

William de Kerdeston (1303-1361)
William de Kerdeston (1303-1361) Lord Kerdeston. fought in campaigns from 1340 to 1346 including Crecy in 1346 In 1359 William was one of the Council of the King's Son Thomas of Woodstock, who was left in charge of the kingdom in his father's absence.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.