The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1337 Aug 12, Johannes de Coloygne (John Cologne) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 11 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Cornhill (Cornhill, London)
Licence for John de Coloygne, king's yeoman, to crenellate his houses on Cornhill, London, By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes de Coloygne (dilectus vallettus noster) ... domos suas super Cornhill infra civitatem nostram ... London., Midd. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Tower of London. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John de Coloygne (d. 1363)
John de Coloygne seems to have been a merchant who dealt, at least in part, in pearls since a dispute over his will, in 1363, was about an outstanding debt for 11,500 pearls. This amount of wealth suggest the licence had some practical consideration. He is described as 'kings yeoman' which normally would imply royal service but details of any such position have not been traced and the only other record is one of him receiving payment for providing gowns to knights serving in the Scottish wars of the 1330's.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.