The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1336 Feb 10, Johannes de Sigeston (John de Sigston) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 10 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Beresende (Sigston Castle)
Licence for John de Sigeston to crenellate his manor of Beresende co. York. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes de Sigeston ... manerium ... Beresende, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Knaresborough. Grant by privy seal.


The land on which the castle was built was acquired by John de Sigston in 1313 and a licence to crenellate was granted for 'Beresende' in 1336.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John de Sigston (d. 1348)
John was lord of the manor of Kirkby Sigston and established a chantry at St Lawrence church there in 1343. Knight for Yorkshire in 1341 (CCR 1341-43 p. 144)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.