The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1335 April 12, Nicholaus Bonde was granted, by Edward III, (In year 9 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Herkestede (Harkstead)
Licence for Nicholas Bonde to crenellate a chamber to be built in his dwelling-house of Herkestede, co. Suffolk. By p.s. (CPR)

Nicholaus Bonde ... quandam cameram (de novo construend) in manso suo de ... Herkestede, Suff. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Clipstone. Grant by privy seal.


The term cameram in the context of licences to crenellate usually means a small tower house.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Gatehouse is unable to identify Nicholaus Bonde under this name or Nicholas Bond.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.