The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 
In 1335 Feb 3, Johannes de Heslarton (John Heslerton) was granted, by Edward III, (In year 9 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Wilton in Pykerynglith (Wilton Hall near Pickering)
Licence for John de Heslarton to crenellate his dwelling-place at Wilton in Pykerynglith, co. York. By p.s. (CPR)

Johannes de Heslarton ... mansum ... Wilton in Pykerynglith. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Roxburgh. Grant by privy seal.


The ownership of the manor was disputed in 1293 and it was conveyed to John after this date. It was then, in 1309, siezed by Gerard Salvayn, serving as escheator north of the Trent, and only returned after parliamentary action (King pp. 37-9) so licence possibly about confirming ownership with the new king's regime.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

John Heslerton
Had made a collegiate church at Lowthorpe in 1333, where possibly his tomb can still be seen.

Called knight when recorded as witness to an inspeximus of an indenture in 1330 (CPR 1330-4 p. 172)

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.