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In 1330 Oct 25, Robert de Sapy (Robert Sapy) was possibly granted, by Edward III, (In year 4 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Westubury (Westbury Old Ley Court)
licence to enclose the manor of Westubury, co. Gloucester, with a fence (ligno) and to make a wooden peel-house. By p.s. (CPR)

Granted at Leicester. Grant by privy seal.

There is insufficient evidence to be certain about this possible licence to crenellate. (Some licences may be lost from record and others may have wrongly presumed to have been granted or may be total inventions.)


The fence here may be around the whole manor and that this is less a licence to crenellate and more a sub-licence to empark. Sapy's association with the previous regime, particularly the Despencers, may account for the limited provisions of this licence but Edward III policy of reconcilement, as well as confirm ownership of the manor, seem to be main reasons for the licence.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Robert de Sapy
Robert had acquired part of the manor of Westbury through his marriage to Aline, daughter of Nicholas of Bath. He had been a household knight under Edward II and had held some positions in the north of England such as briefly keeper of the temporalities of Durham in 1317 and as an escheator north of the Trent in 1316. Also was warden of the Forest of Dean in 1322-5.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.