The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1327 June 18, Thomas West was granted, by Edward III, (In year 1 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Rugh Combe (Rugh Combe)
June 23 York. Licence for John de Pateshull to crenellate his dwelling-house of Bletnesho, co. Bedford. By p.s.
June 18 York. The like for Thomas West as to his dwelling-house of Rugh Combe, co. Wilts. By p.s. (CPR)

Thomas West ... mansum ... Rugh Combe, Wilts. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at York. Grant by privy seal.


Father of Thomas, 1st Baron West, who fought at Crecy, but otherwise a seemingly insignificant knight.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Sir Thomas West (1276-1343)
Sir Thomas West married Eleanor Cantelupe, daughter of Sir John Cantelupe, before 1321 (sic probably error for 1312 d.o.b for his son, also Thomas). He died on 1 November 1343. In 1322 he was granted the manor of Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, by Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Warwickshire in 1324. He was invested as a Knight in 1326. He held the office of Keeper of Christchurch Castle between 1330 and 1343. He held the office of Keeper of Southampton Castle between 1330 and 1343. In October 1330 he took an active part in the arrest of Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March. He held the office of Keeper of the King's Stannary, Devon between 1337 and 1343. (Mosley, Vol. 1, p. 1075) A very experienced soldier, having served in Scotland and the Low Countries. (Ayton, p. 54n23)

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.