The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1317 Sept 25, Galfridus Le Scrop (Geoffrey le Scrope) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 11 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Clifton super Yoram (Clifton Castle)
Licence for Geoffrey Lescrope to crenellate his dwelling place of Clifton-upon-Yore, co. York. By K. (CPR)

Galfridus Le Scrop ... mansum ... Clifton super Yoram, Ebor. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at York. Grant by King.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Scrope, Sir Geoffrey (d. 1340)’
A younger son of Sir William Scrope, trained as a lawyer 'about Easter 1315 he was appointed one of the king's serjeants. From 1317 he was regularly summoned to councils and parliaments among the justices. Although in 1313–14 he was among the lawyers retained by Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Scrope's political sympathies seem always to have been with the crown' (Vale). He was knighted in 1323.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.