The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1312 April 26, Henricus de Bello Monte (Henry Beaumont) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 5 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Folkyngham (Folkingham Castle)
Licence for Henry de Bello Monte to crenellate his dwelling-house at Folkyngham, co. Lincoln. By K. (CPR)

Henricus de Bello Monte ... mansum suum ... Folkyngham, Linc. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Grant by King.


Is this a licence to fortify a new manor obtained by a man with enemies or a statement of royal support or both?

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Beaumont, Sir Henry de (c.1280–1340)
Joint warden of Scotland in 1308, he was summoned to parliament in 1309, and went on to receive extensive lands in Lincolnshire (augmented by his sister's lands in that county after her death in 1334) and the more contentious grant of the Isle of Man. The king's favour made him the special target of the reforming lords ordainer, who in 1311 called for the exclusion from court of both Beaumont and Isabella, the resumption of his grants from the king, and the transference of the custody of Man to ‘a good Englishman’ (a phrase that reveals one reason for his unpopularity). These demands, however, were never implemented and Beaumont remained prominent at Edward's court until 1323. (Maddicott)

Although specifically called a royal relative (in the 1321 licence for Whitwick) Henry was only a distant relative to Queen Eleanor, wife of Edward I. He was the younger son of a French vicomte but became a knight in the service of Edward I and joint warden of Scotland under Edward II and was prominent in Edward's court at the time of this licence.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.