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In 1310 July 22, Rogerus Maudut (Sir Roger Mauduit) was granted, by Edward II, (In year 4 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Esshete [Essetete] (Eshott Castle)
Licence to Roger Mauduit to crenellate his dwelling-house of Esshete, co. Northumberland. By K. (CPR)

Rogerus Maudut ... mansum suum ... Essetete, Northumbr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Westminster. Grant by King.


The original licence to crenellate was given in 1310 to Sir Roger Mauduit, but in 1358 it was taken from him because he was a rebel against the crown, and handed over to his son. Parker writes name in licence as Essetete, King writes Esshete (Probably based on the published transcription and probable correct.)

At this time relationships with Scotland were still fair but Roger's scottish connections might have meant a licence was needed to establish royal favour and mollify neighbours.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Sir Roger Mauduit (d. 1350)
Later to be Sheriff of Northumberland and keeper of Wark Castle.

Sir Roger Mauduit held the office of Chamberlain of Scotland.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.