The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1303 Jan 30, Ranulpus de Fryskeneye (Ralph Friskney) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 31 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Friskeneye (Friskney Hall)
Licence for Ranulph de Friskeneye to crevellate his dwelling-place of Friskeneye, co. Lincoln. By p.s. (CPR)

Ranulpus de Fryskeneye ... mansum suum ... Friskeneye, Linc. (Turner and Parker)

Jan. 23. Newark
Mandate to let Randolph de F{r}yskeneye have letters of the great seal, quit of the fee of the seal, to crenellate the walls of his manor of Friskeneye in Lyndseye. French
On the information of John La Ware. (CChanceryWarrents)

Granted at Chertsey. Grant by privy seal.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Gatehouse can find no biographical details for Ralph Friskney. However, he is recorded as being charged in 1305 with various offences including contempt of the king and of maintaining in his household two notorious criminals. He is described as an 'old soldier' and as previously been a keeper of the kings peace. (Green, 1998, pp. 173-5) The trials account of Friskney's men and royal officials forcing entry into houses does show the need to have good domestic defences, although these defences were always of limited value.

John de la Warre (1277-1347), 2nd Baron de la Warre, was a relative young man but had fought at Carlaverock as was to go on further expeditions to Scotland. Presumably he was captain to Ralph.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.