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In 1292 Dec 28, Gwyschardus de Charrum (Sir Guischard de Charron) was granted, by Edward I, (In year 21 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Horton (Horton Castle, Blyth)
Licence for Guichard de Charrun to crenellate his dwelling-house of Horton, co. Northumberland. (CPR)

Gwyschardus de Charrum ... mansum ... Horton, Northumbr. (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Guischard de Charron (b. c. 1246-d. after 1297)
Guischard de Charron (b. c. 1246-d. after 1297), son of a Savoyard relative of Queen Eleanor, consort of Henry III. Had married the heiress of the lords of Horton. Had been executor of the will of Peter of Savoy but well settled into northern England by this date. Sheriff of Northumberland, 1268-72, keeper of Bowes castle, forester of Richmond, constable of Richmond Castle. Must have been active in the war against Scotland.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.