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In 1271 Oct 20, Godfrey, bishop of Worcester (Bishop Giffard) was granted, by Henry III, (In year 55 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Widindon (Withington)
Licence for Godfrey, bishop of Worcester, to crenellate his houses within his close of Worcester and a house of his within his manor of Widindon, co. Gloucester, to hold to him and his successors. (CPR)

Letters patent to Godfrey bp. of Worcester "quod domos suas infra clausum suum Wygorñ et quandam domum suam infra manerium suum de Wydyndon in comitatu Glouc' muro de petra et calce firmare possit et kernellare ad modum castri." Westminster: 20 October 55 H. III. {1271.} (HMC)

Granted at Westminster.


Licence with Worcester bishop's palace.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Godfrey Giffard, (c. 1235 – 1302)
Godfrey Giffard, (c. 1235 – 1302) was Chancellor of the Exchequer of England, Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of Worcester.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.