The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1267 Feb 25, William le Moyne was granted, by Henry III, (In year 51 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Ogre (Moigne Court, Owermoigne)
Grant, at the instance of Queen Eleanor, to William le Moyne that he may close and strengthen his house at Ogre, Co. Dorset, with a good dyke and stone wall, but without making crenellations. (CPR)

Granted at Cambridge. Grant by at the instance of Queen Eleanor.

This licence was specifically for defences without crenellations.


Specifically not a licence to crenellate but important as a example of licence to fortify with this rare exemption.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Sir William le Moyne (d. before 1293)
Sir William le Moyne (d. before 1293) was elected to serve as one of the knights of Ramsey Abbey in 1245 and was sheriff of Cambridge and Huntingdon in 1258. (VCH Hunts Vol. 2 p. 198).

Moyne holdings were widespread but seem centered in East Anglia. Moyne was certainly of a class who could expect to demonstrate his status with a crenellated house and the reasons for him not being 'allowed' to do so here are obscure, Gatehouse can find little biographical detail and he seems not to have played any particular role in the Baron's War and not have been a courtier. He received a respite from royal service in 1256. Neither is found any relation or connection between Queen Eleanor and William or his wife Juliana. The lack of royal service or real royal connection may well have been a factor in the granting of this lesser status licence.

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.