The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1260 Dec 18, Marmaducus, filius Galfri (Marmaduke fitz Geoffrey) was granted, by Henry III, (In year 45 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Horden (Horden Hall)
Licence for Marmaduke son of Geoffrey to fortify his house of Horden, co. Durham, with ditches and a wall of stone, and to crenellate the same. (CPR)

Marmaducus, filius Galfri ... domum suam ... Horden, In Episcopatu Dunolm (Turner and Parker)

Granted at Woodstock.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Marmaduke Fitz Geoffrey (1200- )
Marmaduke Fitz Geoffrey (1200- ) Lord of Holden. His son Sir John Fitz Marmaduke was certainly a knight, who died at the seige of Carlaverock. The family are associated with the Lumley Family, presumably Marmaduke being a bastard child, but other than a possible date of birth no other biographical details identified.

Biographical source include;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.