The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1227 Feb 13, the burgesses were granted, by Henry III, (In year 11 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Mungumery (Montgomery Town Defences)
Grant that the town of Mungumery shall be a free borough and that the burgesses of the said town may enclose the same with a ditch and wall, and may have a nerchant gild with a hanse and all customs pertaining to that guild ... (CCalR)

Granted at Westminster.


Borough Charter. Defence was not unimportant in Wales but clearly civic pride the real issue here.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

Please do inform Gatehouse if you see any errors, can add information or can otherwise help to improve this resource. Please contact Gatehouse.

Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.