The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
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In 1201 March 2, Henry fitz Hervey (Henry son of Hervey son of Acaris) was granted, by John, (In year 2 of his reign) a Royal licence to crenellate Cudereston (Cotherstone Castle)
Scan of page 89 of Rotuli Chartarum

Granted at York.

Original source is;

(In fact, the original source given is usually a transcription/translation of what are precious medieval documents not readily availably. It should be noted that these transcription/translations often date to the nineteenth or early twentieth centuries and that unwitting bias of transcribers may affect the translation. Care should also be taken to avoid giving modern meaning to the medieval use of certain stock words and terms. Licentia is best translated as 'freedom to' not 'permission'.)

Significant later sources are;

Henry Fitz Hervey (1165-1216)
Henry Fitz Hervey, Lord of Ravensworth b c. 1165, of Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England, d aft 1216. He md Alice Fitz Wauter c. 1186, daughter of Randolf Fitz Wauter. She was b c. 1170

'took the Cross and accompanied King Richard to Palestine in 1189-92. He entertained King John at Ravensworth Castle in 1201, and with horses and arms joined the English army sent to aid William, King of Scots, in McWilliamís rebellion, 1211.' (

More information about licences to crenellate can be found here.

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Record created by Philip Davis. This record last updated on Sunday, October 4, 2015.