The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Kingsholm Palace

In the civil parish of Gloucester.
In the historic county of Gloucestershire.
Modern Authority of Gloucestershire.
1974 county of Gloucestershire.
Medieval County of Gloucestershire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO83401955
Latitude 51.87427° Longitude -2.24252°

Kingsholm Palace has been described as a probable Palace.

There are no visible remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The tradition of an Anglo-Saxon and Norman palace in existence at Kingsholm (SO 8319) from Mercian times is probably well-founded in view of the close connection of the Mercian rulers with the city and of their estates in the vicinity, although it is not until the time of Edward the Confessor and his successors that its presence can be established. During the critical events of 1051 the Confessor summoned his magnates to his "palace at Gloucester", and there is no doubt that he often resided there (Lobel). The palace was identified in C18 with a ruined building in Kingsholm Close (the name occurs at SO 834197 on Hall and Pinnell's map of 1780), which measured about 120ft square with walls 3ft to 4ft high, later demolished for road material. A hoard of more than half a peck of Saxon coins was found in the same field sometime before 1785, and many other Saxon coins have been found there (Bigland; Mutlow; Usher). A series of trenches and pits were excavated in 1972 at SO 83401955. The complex plan of the remains, thought to be late Saxon because of the few sherds of limestone gritted course ware that was found, and inter cutting features suggest that two or more building phases were involved. The alignment of the trenches and pits are similar in plan to the long hall uncovered at Cheddar (ST 45 SE 24). This, coupled with documentary evidence, suggests that they may be part of the Royal Palace of Kingsholm (Hurst et al, 1975). (PastScape)

Possible used by William the Conqueror in 1085, when, at the Christmas Witan, he ordered the Domesday Survey but must have been superseded by Gloucester Castle possibly already under construction at that date. The Saxon palace complex was used for national assemblies and must have been large. It is outside the Roman walls of Gloucester. It is suggested a smaller Saxon royal residence was within the walls, at the site of the castle (Baker and Holt), although the Domesday record of destruction of houses does suggest the Normans extended that Saxon residence considerably.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact