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Englissh in the town of Newenham

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Newnham Murren; English Farm

In the civil parish of Nuffield.
In the historic county of Oxfordshire.
Modern Authority of Oxfordshire.
1974 county of Oxfordshire.
Medieval County of Oxfordshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SU676859
Latitude 51.56972° Longitude -1.02458°

Englissh in the town of Newenham has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


Richard English was granted licence to crenellate a chamber in his manor of 'Englissh in the town of Newenham' in 1356.

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1356 April 25 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).


Emery places this at Newnham Murren near Crowmarsh Clifford. Richard English is associated with the Trinitarian Friary of Nuffield and Beneit English has a small monumental brass in Newnham Murren Church. The location may have been English Farm, south east of Nuffield, where there are suggestions of medieval earthworks and possible fish ponds.
The obtaining of a licence to crenellate was usually intended to gain prestige, although some form of building (new house or redevelopment of an old house, not necessarily a fortified house) was normally associated. The medieval remains at English Farm are slight and questionable. There was certainly a medieval house here but its form may have been quite modest and the shortage of labour in the 1350s, following the Black Death, may have tempered any building plans Richard English had.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:06

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