The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Warwick Town Wall

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Eastgate; Westgate

In the civil parish of Warwick.
In the historic county of Warwickshire.
Modern Authority of Warwickshire.
1974 county of Warwickshire.
Medieval County of Warwickshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SP28416499
Latitude 52.27978° Longitude -1.59062°

Warwick Town Wall has been described as a certain Urban Defence.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law*.


The Saxon burgh at Warwick was established by Ethelfleda in 914 to defend Mercia against the Danes. The site commanded the river valley and a natural crossing of the Avon, and was strategically well-placed to control the Fosse Way (VCH). It has previously been assumed that the Medieval line followed the Saxon ramparts. However this has not been confirmed by archaeological investigation. At Barrack Street (WA 2188) the earliest evidence is late 11th - 12th century, and the evidence from Market Street is unconvincing for Saxon material (WA 1988). The defences must have enclosed the area of the Castle to the south, since the Norman work involved demolishing 4 existing houses, and included the Saxon minster in its precincts. E.Klingelhofer suggests that a line, based on street patterns, might have run along Brook Street, The Butts, and the now buried Back Hills. (Warwickshire HER record 2191)

The Eastgate was one of the three main gates of Warwick. Probably reconstructed in early 15th century, when the chapel of St Peter was built above it (PRN 1945). It has a wide arch spanning the original roadway and a smaller arch for pedestrians to the N. The gate was again altered and refaced in the late 18th century; it was probably at this time that the diversion to the S was constructed (VCH). Built before 1426. Plain and heavy gate with pointed tunnel-vault (Pevsner). (Warwickshire HER record 1924)

The W gate was one of three main gates of Warwick. Probably reconstructed in the late 14th century together with the chapel of St James above it. Both were extended W in the following century. The central part of the gateway passage has a pointed and ribbed barrel-vault of the 14th century; at their base the walls are cut through solid rock. On the N side there are traces of an earlier wall and vault, perhaps part of a narrower passage. After the wall was breached and the roadway diverted to the S of the gate, the walks along the S and E sides of the chapel appear to have fallen into disuse. They were rebuilt in 1863-5 (VCH). The gate existed in 1129, and already had a chapel over. The present gate is a most impressive affair. The tunnel-like archway has three parts. Inside in the living rock are semi-octagonal wall shafts which look 13th century. The vault and the E entrance may be early 14th century, the W part of the gate is Early Perpendicular (Pevsner). (Warwickshire HER record 1925)

Saxon earthwork defences rebuilt in stone. Receive murage grants in 1305 and 1317. Two, of originally three, gates survive, both surmounted by chapels, and short piece of wall.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling   Listing   I. O. E.
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact