The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Hawcocks Mount

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Hawcocks Farm Ringwork; Winsley

In the civil parish of Westbury.
In the historic county of Shropshire.
Modern Authority of Shropshire.
1974 county of Shropshire.
Medieval County of Shropshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ34910776
Latitude 52.66376° Longitude -2.96389°

Hawcocks Mount has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Hawcocks Mount ringwork survives well and is a good example of its class. It will retain archaeological information relating to its construction, and to the character of its occupation. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed will be preserved sealed on the old land surface beneath the rampart and in the lower sediments of the ditch fill. The proximity of Caus Castle which lies approximately 1km to the west of the ringwork, and the suggestion in the 14th century field name that the two sites are related to each other, adds to the archaeological importance of the site. Such monuments when considered, either as individual sites, or as a part of the broader medieval landscape contribute valuable information relating to the settlement pattern, economy, military technology and social organisation of the countryside during the medieval period.
The monument includes Hawcocks Mount, the remains of a ringwork castle situated on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Rea, along which ran the old routeway from Shrewsbury to Montgomery. The ringwork stands in a field which was known in 1361 as Aldescausefield (Old Caus Field) subsequently this became corrupted to Hawcocks Field. The name is believed to refer to Caus Castle, a major Norman castle and borough which lies approximately 1km to the west. It is possible that the ringwork is associated with the larger site and that it may be the predecessor of the castle. The ringwork is roughly circular in plan with an overall diameter of approximately 72m and includes an outer ditch, scarped rampart and inner bank. The ditch survives as a substantial earthwork, averaging 8m wide and 2m deep around the west, south and south east sides of the site; it remains water-filled around the south east quarter. A causeway 3m wide crosses the ditch in the south west quarter of the site. Around the north and north east sides of the site the ditch is no longer visible but it will survive as a buried feature of similar proportions. A substantial scarp rises from the ditch to a height of 7m and is surmounted around its upper edge by a pronounced bank 4m wide and 1.5m high, interrupted in its northern quarter by a possible entrance gap 5m wide. The interior of the ringwork is roughly oval in plan with dimensions of 33m north to south by 28m transversely. Its surface is level with no visible earthworks. (Scheduling Report)

The ring-work at Hawcocks Mount was possibly the predecessor to Caus Castle. It stands in a field which in 1361 was known as "Aldecausefield" (Old Caus Field), subsequently corrupted to Hawcocks Field, and was situated on the old road from Westbury to Montgomery. Rig-and-Furrow visible in the surrounding field may be associated with a deserted hamlet, possibly of pre-Conquest date. (PastScape ref. VCH 1908)

Was this the site of the Domesday manor of Alretone as suggested by Eyton (although Open Domesday locates it as Trewern)? If this was a precursor site to Caus Castle what was the reason for building a small ringwork here rather than immediately moving to the existing Iron hill fort?
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:32

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact