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Hinton Waldrist; The Mount

In the civil parish of Hinton Waldrist.
In the historic county of Berkshire.
Modern Authority of Oxfordshire.
1974 county of Oxfordshire.
Medieval County of Berkshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SU37409914
Latitude 51.68937° Longitude -1.46077°

Hinton Waldrist; The Mount has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.


The earthwork in Hinton Waldrist village consists of a large ditch enclosing what was probably a rhomboid area of about three acres, in which lies the present house (Hinton Manor), an Elizabethan structure with many additions. The north-east part of the earthwork has been destroyed by a road, garden, and stables. The site was excavated by H. Gardner and M. Jope, in 1939, and the mound (20 feet high) and ditch were found to date to the early years of the 12th century. The earthworks have features of both the moated homestead and the motte and bailey-type castle, and the excavators conclude that it was probably erected by someone not well acquainted with military defences of the 12th century. (PastScape–ref. Gardner and Jope)

The earthwork from SU 3734 9919 to SU 3747 9909 has been slightly adapted for ornamental use but is generally as described and portrayed on the plan by Jope and Gardner. The mound or motte at SU 3736 9909 has no surrounding ditch and the recorded height of 20ft is only where measured on the N.E. side to the bottom of main ditch. The western angle of the earthwork and the surviving part of the N.W. side follows the crest of a steep natural slope. Upcast from the ditch has been added to this crest but it forms a significant outer bank only at the corner. (PastScape–ref. field investigator comments 1964)

Gatehouse suspects the builder of this mound was well acquainted with military defences but was building a monument which symbolically demonstrated his military and tenurial status and role.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

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