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Thurgarton Castle Hill

In the civil parish of Thurgarton.
In the historic county of Nottinghamshire.
Modern Authority of Nottinghamshire.
1974 county of Nottinghamshire.
Medieval County of Nottinghamshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SK693490
Latitude 53.03381° Longitude -0.96791°

Thurgarton Castle Hill has been described as a Timber Castle but is rejected as such.

There are no visible remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Situation: Castle Hill lies on the south side of Thurgarton village.
Preservation: A poorly preserved and confused, multi-phase earthwork.
Description: The earthworks comprise a three-sided rectangular, ditched enclosure, open on the north west side. Confused excavated evidence ensures that the nature of the site must remain uncertain, although there is little to support the implication of the place-name ‘Castle Hill’ and suggest defended status.
Excavation: Excavations were carried out during 1948-59 by c. Coulthard, H. Hodges, P. Gathercote and B. Wailes, revealing the following phases:
Phase I: Romano-British enclosure, dated by pottery to the 2nd/3rd century AD.
Phase II: A small mound containing fragmentary walling and a layer of ash, this phase being associated with finds of St. Neots ware.
Phase III: A mortuary chapel of two clear phases, dating respectively to the late 11th/early 12th and mid 12th century. Each phase was accompanied by burials.
Phase IV: The final phase of the mortuary chapel was dismantled to form a sheepfold.
Phase V: Two probable bronze-working furnaces on the site were dated to the mid 12th century. (Creighton 1998)

rather confused religious site. (King 1983)

Appears as rectangular site on 1884 OS map, marked 'Supposed Site of Castle' but not visible on modern aerial photo. Not separately reported in PastScape but may be part of record for Thurgarton Priory.
Castle Hill appears to be the remains of a medieval inhumation cemetery (Notts HER M17213) and a mortuary chapel (Notts HER M17214). Can certainly be rejected as a castle site, although it would be useful to know who first suggested it as such and when the site obtained the name 'Castle Hill'.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 15/08/2017 15:56:51

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