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Sweethope Bastle, Bavington

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Bavington.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY956819
Latitude 55.13136° Longitude -2.07030°

Sweethope Bastle, Bavington has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are no visible remains.


A medieval manor is documented at Sweethope in the 13th century and in the 1296 Lay Subsidy it provided four taxpayers. A survey of 1541 refers to a castle {sic} and in the 1666 Hearth Tax six houses are listed. There are few clear traces on the ground of the former settlement, except for a small series of cultivation terraces, croft boundary banks and ridge and furrow cultivation. In about 1970 some pieces of masonry were found at Sweethope Farm, which it is thought may have belonged to former manor house or chapel associated with the medieval village. (Keys to the Past)

'NY 957819' D.M.V. at Sweethope. Nothing visible on available A.P's (R.A.F. 1946) (Medieval Village Research Group annual report 1963).
A survey of 1541 refers to a Castle in good repair at Sweethope (Hodgson 1897) {sic - Hodgson actual cites the 1541 survey of a 'bastell house'}.
There are vague traces of depopulation in the fields around Sweethope; a small series of cultivation terraces centred at NY957820; and wide spread rig and furrow; but the remains are neither coherent nor extensive (F1 BHP 10-JUL-68).
A bastell house was recorded at Sweethope in the 1541 Border survey, ie a strong house in modern terminology, but its site is unknown (Dodds 1999). (PastScape)

At Swetehope is an other bastell house of thinherytance of Sr John Fenwyke knighte in good rep'ac'ons (1541 Survey)

In the context of the 1541 list this was almost certainly a gentry status superior bastle (c.f. Hepburn Bastle) rather than a pele-house. The exact location is lost but the surviving rig and furrow does delimit the possibly locations somewhat and a location under or near the current farmhouse is most likely.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:27

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