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Rougemont Castle near Weeton

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Harewood 2; Ridgman Scar

In the civil parish of Kirkby Overblow.
In the historic county of Yorkshire.
Modern Authority of North Yorkshire.
1974 county of North Yorkshire.
Medieval County of Yorkshire West Riding.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE29694624
Latitude 53.91147° Longitude -1.54950°

Rougemont Castle near Weeton has been described as a certain Timber Castle, and also as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Rougemont Castle is a good example of a well-preserved ringwork. It is one of the rarer type of ringworks which had an attached bailey and is equally notable for being the early centre of an important manor. Although partially disturbed by forestry, the remains of a substantial number of ancillary features, including building platforms, can be seen to survive. Rougemont Castle lies above the steep north bank of the River Wharfe where the river turns in a right-angle at its confluence with Weeton Beck. The monument includes the remains of a ringwork and its surrounding system of ditches, a large outer enclosure or bailey, an outwork and the remains of a group of fishponds located west of the main earthwork complex. The ringwork comprises a roughly D-shaped enclosure measuring c.90m east to west by 40m north to south. This is surrounded by a broad ditch which drains into the river on the south side via three main outlets. The raised interior of the ringwork has been disturbed by later tree-planting but substantial earthworks survive to illustrate the development of the enclosure and indicate that it was a multi-phase site, possibly with Prehistoric origins though this has not yet been substantiated. A bank c.1m high and 3m wide follows the inside of the ditch and masonry visible in places indicates the remains of the stone wall that crowned the ringwork during the Middle Ages. At this time the site was the centre of the manor of Harewood and, as such, the ringwork would have contained important domestic buildings including the residence of the lord. The ringwork lies towards the south-east corner of a much larger D-shaped enclosure formed on three sides by a bank and infilled external ditch measuring c.1m high by 3m wide and c.3m wide respectively. The south side of the enclosure is formed by Weeton Beck and the Wharfe. This enclosure formed the bailey of the castle and would have contained ancillary and garrison buildings and pens for corralling stock and horses. The locations of some of these features are shown by platforms and earthworks in the western half of the bailey alongside a track that enters from the west through a gap in the bank and ditch where the original entrance stood. The remains of another bank, less than 1m high by 2m wide, exist outside the bailey running westward from the entrance for c.100m and forming the north side of an outwork to the main complex. This is bounded to the west and south by Weeton Beck and to the east by the bailey bank. North of this outwork, alongside Weeton Beck, a sunken, marshy area represents one or more fishponds that formerly served the manor. The remains of ridge and furrow cultivation overlie the outwork and the eastern half of the bailey and postdate the abandonment of the manorial site. This occurred in c.1366 when Harewood Castle was built to house the former owners of Rougemont, the de Lisles, who had married into the Aldburgh and Harewood families. (Scheduling Report)
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

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