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Stowting Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Castle Mound

In the civil parish of Stowting.
In the historic county of Kent.
Modern Authority of Kent.
1974 county of Kent.
Medieval County of Kent.

OS Map Grid Reference: TR12254200
Latitude 51.13791° Longitude 1.03266°

Stowting Castle has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The motte and bailey castle at Stowting survives particularly well, and since it shows no signs of having been seriously disturbed it is of high archaeological potential. The unusual lowland siting of the castle adds to the diversity of such monuments in Kent, where most of the known examples occupy high ground. The monument includes a motte and bailey castle which comprises a central steeply-sided earthen mound, or motte, surrounded by a broad ditch, with a second ditch defining an outer defended area, or bailey. The central motte has a roughly circular flat top measuring 35m in diameter. The large quantities of tile on the surface of the motte show that this area was used for buildings during the medieval period. Flint nodules embedded in the upper slapes of the mound suggest that the sides were paved in this material, perhaps simply for decorative effect. The ditch around the motte, which was supplied with water from the old course of the river on the western side, averages 12m in width and 1.3m in depth, although it has been partially infilled by soil eroded from the mound and would originally have been deeper. The position of the access bridge onto the motte is visible as a slight causeway across the moat on the north side. The bailey is a flat area of varying width which is raised above the level of the surrounding land by about 0.5m to reduce the risk of flooding. In this area would have been sited a wide range of buildings such as stables and workshops. The bailey was itself bounded by a second water-filled moat, this one 8-9m wide, which provided an outer line of defence. This moat has been infilled to a greater degree than the inner moat and survives only as a slight depression in the field on the northern side of the castle. The old river course on the western side was incorporated into this circuit and so is an integral part of the castle remains. (Scheduling Report)

'Castle Field', to the north west of Stowting Church, was (in 1845) surrounded by a double moat, partly filled up and planted with firs (Wrench). Motte and bailey castle. The motte and its ditch are tree covered and in excellent condition. There is a heavy scatter of flint and tile on the top of the mount. The bailey, of rather unusual form, is almost destroyed (F1 CFW 22 4 63). The motte and bailey, known locally as Castle Mound, was examined without excavation as part of a general search of Stowting parish during the winter of 1971-2. Trenches were cut across the inner moat and into the mound at the North West in the early 1920s but no record was kept of the finds, which included pottery. The top of the motte was also disturbed during the 1939-45 war (Bradshaw). (PastScape)
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:06

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