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Coldbridge Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Colbridge; Colebridge; Colwebrigge; Boghton Malherbe

In the civil parish of Boughton Malherbe.
In the historic county of Kent.
Modern Authority of Kent.
1974 county of Kent.
Medieval County of Kent.

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ88524788
Latitude 51.19903° Longitude 0.69696°

Coldbridge Castle has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


The excellent preservation of the monument at Coldbridge Farm allows the diversity and complexity of fortified manor sites to be appreciated. Much of the original extent of the earthworks survives and the foundations of the original "castle" buildings on the island are reported to survive in the garden of the present house. The inner moat, although scoured on the west side, remains intact to the north and south and its wetness makes the survival of evidence of the climate and economy of the manor a strong likelihood. The associated paddock boundary is a rare survivor of a common form of livestock husbandry. Beneath the earthworks the original ground surface is likely to survive, further enhancing the archaeological potential. Coldbridge Farm moated site is one of the most complete examples of a fortified manor house in the South-East. The main part of the site includes a complete inner moat with its original causeway, a retaining bank on the north side outside the inner moat, a large fishpond and a partial circuit of outer moat. In addition there is a length of paddock boundary to the south which is associated with the use of the moated manor. Moated sites are usually seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the Manor. The moat marked the high status of the occupier but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. Coldbridge is an example of a moated site with a strongly defensive function too. Most moats were constructed between 1250 and 1350, but the example at Coldbridge is likely to have been founded in the earlier 13th century as "Colebridge Manor" is mentioned during the rein of Henry III. The fishpond within the bounds of the outer moat provided fish for the table, another sign of high status, while the paddock afforded security to the animals kept there. The outer moat was never a complete wet circuit, the land rising significantly to the south-east and the outer boundary of the moated site here being marked by a slight bank and ditch. (Scheduling Report)

Fragment of castle, now farmhouse. Built by Fulk de Peyforer after 1314. C19 facade. Small block stone, roughly coursed to south elevation, evenly coursed to west, with C19 red brick dressings. Right side of south elevation tile hung on first floor. Plain tile roof. L-plan. South Elevation: 2 storeys. on stone plinth. Flat eaves soffits. Hipped roof with gablets, left (west) hip returning. Gable end stacks. Irregular fenestration of three 2-light casements. Half-glazed central door in C20 half-glazed block porch. West return elevation: cills and lower part of chamfered stone jambs of 2 first-floor windows of a taller, truncated, building, visible immediately under eaves, one towards north end and one towards south. Ashlar jambs of intermediate ground-floor opening towards south end. Interior not inspected. Doubly moated site; inner moat rectangular, outer triangular. (Listed Building Report)

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1313 July 19 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).
A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1363 Jan 6.

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:30

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