The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Lophams Hall, Carlton

In the civil parish of Carlton .
In the historic county of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely.
Modern Authority of Cambridgeshire.
1974 county of Cambridgeshire.
Medieval County of Cambridgeshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: TL64695206
Latitude 52.14227° Longitude 0.40531°

Lophams Hall, Carlton has been described as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Powerful moat of possible castle. C15 manor house, later farmhouse, surrounded by an oval shaped moat. Of an irregular plan and altered in C16 & C17, the house has a rendered timber frame and tiled roofs. The north range represents the remains of C15 manor house. The south range was built circa 1582, probably replacing the open hall of C15 house, and a south west kitchen wing was added in C17. Moat now mainly filled in.

Moat at Lopham's Hall 0.5 mile SE of Carlton Church. This is the site of the manor house of Carlton Parva, successively known as Barbedor's and Lopham's. In its present form it consists of a roughly oval area, with long and short axes measuring 300 and 250 ft , surrounded by a wide and deep moat which is still wet round the greater part of its length. The site stands towards the foot of a hill-side sloping gently from the E, with the result that on the E side the moat, 30 ft wide, has a depth of 12ft, with water 12 ft wide at the bottom. This width is maintained all the way round, though the surface of the water is nearly at ground level on the W side where the level falls. There are two breaks in the circuit, both of them comparatively Mod. one on the W side carries the approach road to the C17 farmhouse in the middle of the moated area and the other is a considerable stretch on the SW, where the moat has been filled up. The great mass of earth which must have been removed in digging this moat is nowhere apparent and the inner verge carries no bank, nor has any attempt been made to level up the slope of the enclosed area. An unusual feature is around flat topped mound, deeply ditched round, standing just outside the moat to the S. The mound is 20 ft across the top and does not exceed the surrounding ground in height, so that it is not the product of digging the wide and deep ditch which surrounds it. This ditch touches the moat of the main site, but it is not clear whether it was originally joined to it. That there was originally some connection can hardly be in doubt, and at the present day water which collects in the mound moat flows out to the main one by a gap. The purpose of the mound is doubtful. It is not either sufficiently large or correctly placed for a barbican, and the original entrance must have been by a bridge across the moat on the W side. It seems to fulfil no possible defensive purpose and it may have been part of some garden scheme and carried a gazebo or summerhouse. The age of the main moat is unknown, but it may be surmised from its strength that its purpose was defensive and that it belongs to the earlier part of the Middle Ages. Its unusual oval form is not necessarily evidence of early date, as the nature of the ground and slope of the hill make a normal rectangular plan inconvenient, and the plan shows distinct signs of a more angular development on the lower ground to the W. It is probable that the moat was first dug round an already existing building. (Cambs HER report ? from VCH 1948)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER       Listing   I. O. E.
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:31

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact