The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Iden Moat

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
La Mote; The Moat; The Mote

In the civil parish of Iden.
In the historic county of Sussex.
Modern Authority of East Sussex.
1974 county of East Sussex.
Medieval County of Sussex (Rape of Hastings).

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ90012393
Latitude 50.98338° Longitude 0.70573°

Iden Moat has been described as a certain Fortified Manor House.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The Manor of Moat or La Mote first appears in 1318, when Sir Edmund de Passeley, owner of Leigh, received licence to crenellate his dwelling place of La Mote (VCH Vol. 9). Near Moat Farm are the scanty remains of a fortified manor house enclosed by a large homestead moat. The moat, which is fairly well preserved, and which is sub-rectangular in plan, measures overall 130.0m. NE-SW by an average 140.0m transversely. It is waterfilled on the SW side only. The original entrance was midway in the NW side, and an extension to the enclosed area which projects out into the moat carried some form of gatehouse, of which a fragment of walling remains in situ on the N side of the entrance way. It is 1.2m thick and is built of ragstone and flint rubble masonry formerly faced on both sides with ashlar. There is a corresponding patch of wall foundation on the S side. The entrance was defended by a second outer moat which joins the inner moat at its NW and SW corners. The outer moat is waterfilled to the S of the causewayed entrance which crosses it midway. The stream which fed the moats from the south was dammed to form a fish pond, which is now dry but in good condition. Moat Farm cottage, built of red brick, has foundations of massive stone blocks, which without doubt, came from the site. Similar stones are to be found in farm outbuildings 100.0m to the south (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment F1 ASP 12-OCT-62). Moated site c 170 ft square. Stands 8 ft above water level. Moat from 100 ft - 75 ft wide, dug only on W. Some upstanding limestone-faced masonry, 6 x 3ft x 3 ft high, flint covered and bonded with mortar, c 30 ft from NW corner (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment F2 NKB 27-SEP-72). (East Sussex HER)

The moated site at Moat Farm survives to a large extent in an state of preservation and displays a diversity of component parts. The monument is of high archaeological potential, both the island because the uneven topography indicates that foundations survive and the moat because it remains waterlogged, providing good conditions for preservation. The fishpond also survives well and forms an integral part of the moated site.
The moated site at Iden includes a central island with still surviving remains of stone-built buildings, a wide wet moat with a causeway on the north-west side, two extensions to the moat on the west side which form a partial outer circuit and a rectangular fishpond on the south side. Moated sites are usually seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat marked the high status of the occupier, but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. Most moats were constructed between 1250 and 1350, and historical documents suggest that Sir Edmund de Passeley received permission to provide a moat for the manor of La Mote around 1318. The outer moat on the western side, where the entrance to the manor was located, indicates that this site was particularly grand, and that at least some of the buildings were of stone supports this suggestion. The fishpond on the south side is also suitably large and would have provided another source of prestige in the form of fresh fish for the table. Part of the reason for the wealth of the manor may have been its trading links -- what may be a wharf for landing cargoes lies alongside the modern approach road to the site, outside the scheduled area. (Scheduling Report)

A Royal licence to crenellate was granted in 1318 Dec 10 (Click on the date for details of this licence.).

Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:19:30

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact