The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Hartley Court, Burnham

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Harlequins Castle; Hardicanute's Moat; Burnham Beeches moat

In the civil parish of Burnham.
In the historic county of Buckinghamshire.
Modern Authority of Buckinghamshire.
1974 county of Buckinghamshire.
Medieval County of Buckinghamshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SU94618568
Latitude 51.56226° Longitude -0.63699°

Hartley Court, Burnham has been described as a Fortified Manor House although is doubtful that it was such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Hartley Court is a sub-rectangular medieval moated island, covering 0.6 hectares, which is situated within a larger, diamond-shaped enclosure of 3.7 hectares. The island is surrounded by a broad ditch, measuring 5 metres to 7 metres in width and about 1.5 metres in depth, which retains water for much of the year supplied by rainfall and the natural water table. The interior is subdivided by several banks, measuring on average 2.5 metres in width and 0.8 metres high; including a main partition orientated north to south across the middle of the island. A second bank runs parallel to the northern section of the main partition, and the intervening area contains some slight undulations which suggest the position of former structures. This has been suggested as the as the location of the principal dwelling. A range of outbuildings is indicated by three low, square platforms abutting the inner moat bank near the south eastern corner of the island. In the north eastern corner of the moat is a well. The uneven appearance of the ground surface in this location together with the proximity of the well implies the locations of other domestic buildings which are likely to include kitchens, brew and bake houses. The outer enclosure is bounded by a bank and external ditch. The bank averages 3 metres wide and 0.7 metres high and the ditch is generally the same width and about 0.6 metres deep. The boundary earthworks are designed to keep stock, and other animals grazing the surrounding wood pasture out of the enclosure. This would protect cultivated land within the enclosure providing produce for the homestead. (PastScape)

This is a large moated site for a homestead site, with an occasionally used castle place-name, but there no signs of other fortification, such as curtain walling. The site is associated with a medieval deerpark.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:02

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact